Acid reflux is usually caused by a dysfunctional lower esophageal sphincter (LES) muscle. Normally, this muscle, which connects the stomach and the esophagus, closes after we swallow our food. But for individuals with acid reflux, this so-called valve fails to close causing the stomach's liquid content to flow back into the esophagus.
Another factor that's making your acid reflux worse is the food you eat. Certain foods, especially those that went through commercial food processes, trigger the occurrence of acid reflux. Some of these include:
- Spicy foods
- Tomato-based foods such as pizza, pasta sauce, and salsa
- Citrus fruits and juices
- Onions and garlic
- Chocolate mint flavorings
- Caffeinated and alcoholic drinks
- Coffee and tea (caffeinated or decaffeinated)
- Soda and other carbonated drinks
- Fried and/or fatty snacks
In general, foods that are high in acid triggers heartburn and other symptoms of acid reflux. So it is important to eat foods that absorb acid and contain probiotics and enzymes that improve our digestive health.