There are two types of hypernatremia: acute and chronic hypernatremia. Although both occur due to serum sodium concentration imbalance, each requires different approaches in terms of management and treatment.
If a patient is diagnosed with acute hypernatremia, he or she can be treated using fluid therapy through oral hydration, only if the patient has consciousness and has no gastrointestinal problems. However, if an individual shows symptoms of chronic hypernatremia, the approach is different. Fluid therapy can also be used to correct the total body sodium and water levels but it must be administered in a much slower pace. This is to avoid seizures and brain damage such as cerebral edema.
If the patient does not respond to rehydration, he or she should undergo urine volume analysis for further assessment.
In a world where everything is processed and pre-made, monitoring your sodium intake can be challenging. So, it is important to check the product label first when purchasing ready-to-eat meals and prepackaged food products in the supermarket.
But do not overdo it. Getting too little sodium can wreak havoc on your health. Take sodium-rich foods and sodium supplements, if needed. Bentonite clay is rich in sodium, calcium, magnesium, and other trace minerals that, when ingested, can act as a supplement that replaces the missing nutrients needed by the body. Also, it is also known as an effective detoxification tool that remove toxins from the body.