Accurate diagnosis plays a vital role in managing hypernatremia. When the result of diagnosis is incorrect, the patient is at risk of developing permanent brain damage because most treatment options are focused on correcting the serum sodium concentration and restoring the total body water by directly hydrating the cells.
Hypernatremia cannot be diagnosed through physical symptoms alone. Your doctor will more likely ask you about your medical history, recent illnesses, and physical injuries. He will then run a series of test to examine your blood, urine, and more. These tests include the following:
- Complete blood count (CBC)
- Electrolyte panel
- Urine specific gravity
- Blood chemistry panel
- Glucose test
For patients with increased urine volume, they will go through another test called water deprivation test to determine the underlying illness that is causing the body to retain more sodium than it should be.
In a world where everything is processed and pre-made, monitoring your sodium intake can be challenging. So, it is important to check the product label first when purchasing ready-to-eat meals and prepackaged food products in the supermarket.
But do not overdo it. Getting too little sodium can wreak havoc on your health. Take sodium-rich foods and sodium supplements, if needed. Bentonite clay is rich in sodium, calcium, magnesium, and other trace minerals that, when ingested, can act as a supplement that replaces the missing nutrients needed by the body. Also, it is also known as an effective detoxification tool that remove toxins from the body.