Causes of Hypernatremia

Posted by Ruby Tequin on

Salt does not only make our foods more flavorful, but it also helps our body to function properly. Its main component, sodium, is needed by our body to perform various bodily functions including nerve signals, blood pressure, and blood volume. However, no matter how much important sodium is to our body, having too much of it can wreak havoc on our health.

Hypernatremia is an electrolyte imbalance characterized by having serum sodium concentration of more than 160 mEq/L. Some of the most common cause of this sodium disturbance are the following:

  • Inadequate water intake
  • Increased sodium intake
  • Excessive loss of water from the urinary tract (usually caused by glycosuria, or other osmotic diuretics)
  • Illnesses that cause fluid loss and sodium retention/ gain such as:
    • Diabetes
    • Renal failure
    • Diarrhea

In a world where everything is processed and pre-made, monitoring our sodium intake can be challenging. So it is important to check the product label when purchasing ready-to-eat meals and prepackaged food products in the supermarket.

But do not overdo it. Getting too little sodium can wreak havoc on your body. Eat sodium-rich foods and take supplements, if needed. Bentonite clay is rich in sodium, calcium, magnesium, and other trace minerals that, when ingested, can act as a supplement that replaces the missing nutrients needed by the body. Also, it is also known as an effective detoxification tool that remove toxins from the body.


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